Adapting to crises and building resilience
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The crisis has become a new natural situation in the world today. Over the past 30 years, the world has lost more than 2.5 million people and about $ 4 trillion in natural disasters. In 2017 alone, natural events resulted in global losses of some $ 330 billion, making the past year the most expensive in terms of global weather-related disasters. Climate change, demographic shifts and other global trends may also pose risks of vulnerability. At present, conflicts account for 80 per cent of all humanitarian needs, and the proportion of extreme poor people living in conflict-affected situations is expected to rise to more than 60 per cent by 2030.
In an increasingly dangerous world, social protection systems help individuals and families cope with civil war, natural disasters, displacement and other shocks. Social protection systems also help to build human capital by connecting people to jobs, investing in the health and education of their children, and protecting the elderly and other vulnerable groups.
Adaptive social protection systems move a step further by helping to ensure that these important investments in human capital are not undermined by a crisis or shock. These systems share many of the same features as ordinary social protection systems to help meet critical needs, but they also include features that allow us to know not only who are currently poor, but who are vulnerable to poverty in the face of trauma, What they may need to recover, as well as how to fund and support them in times of crisis. These systems can therefore be used as a platform for other interventions in the areas of health, education and other social services.
The World Bank is already assisting countries to develop crisis response systems by identifying risks through risk modeling and mapping, strengthening early warning systems, ensuring that the country has financial protection (eg insurance, disaster bonds) and by investing In social protection.
While the World Bank usually works in the field of development, we are increasingly working with humanitarian actors, increasing our engagement in fragile and conflict-affected countries and addressing other shocks such as natural disasters and climate change.
In response to the devastating food crisis in northeastern Nigeria, Somalia and southern Sudan in March, the World Bank mobilized a $ 1.8 billion package of 17 projects to provide cash to the affected population to enable them to buy food, Services to the most vulnerable groups in those countries. Famine has been avoided so far as a result of concerted efforts, including cash transfers.
In 2015, the Government of Pakistan collaborated with the World Bank in launching the Emergency Emergency Recovery Project in the Federally Administered Tribal Areas (FATA) to support the return and rehabilitation of displaced families through a cash grant program for early recovery.
When epidemics such as Ebola spread, the Bank provided support for basic supplies and medicines, high numbers of foreign health workers in affected communities and psychosocial support for those affected by the virus. The Bank also provided budgetary support to assist the Governments of Guinea, Liberia and Sierra Leone to address the economic impact of the epidemic and to finance the expansion of social safety net programs for people in these three countries.
Given the critical role that social protection systems can play in responding to crises and addressing vulnerability, we continue to partner with Governments and other development and humanitarian actors to advocate for increased coverage of social protection systems to reduce the burden on humanitarian systems and to place the Government in charge of tackling shocks wherever That is possible.
Finally, at the Seventh Forum on South-South Learning in Frankfurt, some 240 policy makers from 70 countries met to discuss these important issues. As well as all aspects of the Convention on Biological Diversity, from policies and programs to respond effectively to crises, sustainable financing and information management systems to all forms of natural disaster shocks to refugees and economic crises.